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Tue, Feb 8th - 5:25AM


Anglican & Episcopal
Education Blog


Oxford Movement

Oxford Movement, known also as Tractarianism, began in Great Britain in 1833. It was a religious revival emphasizing the apostolic and universal origins of the Church of England. Adherents of the movement held that the apostolic succession, that is, the valid transmission of apostolic authority to administer sacraments, was not broken by the English Reformation and that the Church of England constitutes a branch of the holy catholic church, of which the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox churches also are branches. The chief leaders of the movement were the British theologians John Keble, John Henry Cardinal Newman, and Edward Bouverie Pusey, all connected with the University of Oxford.

The movement had a strong impact on the Episcopal Church in the U.S. in the 1840s. As in the Church of England, the movement resulted in the formation of a High Church party favoring Roman Catholic traditions and elaborate ceremonial, as opposed to a Low Church party leaning toward evangelical traditions and a minimum of ceremonial.

Tractarianism made important contributions to Anglicanism. It restored the dignity of the church and its ministers, revived interest in theology and church history, strengthened appreciation of catholic liturgy, and inspired new artistic achievements in ecclesiastical music and architecture. In addition, the movement led to the organization of religious sisterhoods and stimulated a fresh awareness of the social responsibility of Christians, as evidenced, for example, by the establishment of Anglican missions in city slums.


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Sat, Oct 23rd - 4:06AM

Anglican Prayer Beads

Anglican prayer beads are a loop of strung beads which are used as a focus for prayer. They were developed in the mid-1980s by Episcopalians participating in a study group dealing with methods of prayer and have since been adapted by Protestants such as Lutherans and Methodists, thus giving rise to the term "Christian Prayer Beads." The concept of Christian Prayer Beads is rejected by other Protestants on the grounds that either they are not mentioned in the Bible or that Roman Catholics use rosaries which resemble these beads.

The thirty-three beads are divided into groups. There are four groups consisting of seven beads with additional separate and larger beads separating the groups. The number thirty-three signifies the number of years that Christ lived on the Earth, while the number seven signifies wholeness or completion in the faith, the days of creation, and the seasons of the Church year.

Unlike the traditional rosary used by Roman Catholics to pray to the Virgin Mary and focus on the seminal events in the life of Christ, Anglican prayer beads are most often used as a tactile aid to prayer. The usual pattern of prayer starts with the cross, followed by the "Invitatory" Bead, and subsequently, the first Cruciform bead, then moving right around the circle, the prayers on the Weeks beads are said. One may conclude by saying the Lord's prayer on the Invitatory bead. Some users pray the entire circle thrice, which signifies the Holy Trinity. There are numerous variations of the particular prayers used with Anglican prayer beads.


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Sat, Oct 9th - 8:08AM

Lambeth Conference

In 1867 the Lambeth Palace became the site of the Lambeth Conference, a decennial meeting of the bishops of the Anglican Communion under the presidency of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 76 bishops attended.

The latest conference, the fourteenth, took place between 16 July – 4 August 2008 at the University of Kent's Canterbury campus. Presided over by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, it had over 650 bishops attending.

As the Anglican Communion is an international association of national and regional churches and not a governing body, Lambeth Conferences serve a collaborative and consultative function, expressing 'the mind of the communion' on issues of the day. Resolutions which a Lambeth Conference may pass are without legal effect, but they are nonetheless influential.


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Sat, Aug 28th - 12:26PM

Book of Common Prayer

The Book of Common Prayer is the official prayer book of the Church of England and of Anglican churches in other countries, including the Episcopal church in the U.S. The first complete version of the Book of Common Prayer appeared in 1549 at the time of the Reformation and its use was made compulsory by Parliament. It followed other church reforms and was the result of the work begun under the direction of Thomas Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley. Their aim was to produce a book in the vernacular that would be a unified and simplified equivalent of the Roman Catholic liturgical books. Used with the Bible and an authorized hymnal, it provided all of the formularies for Anglican worship, from morning and evening prayers and the liturgy of Holy Communion to the rites for the sacraments and visitation of the sick. An ordination service was added in 1550.

A revised version of the Book of Common Prayer appeared in 1552, and its use, too, was made compulsory by Parliament. This version differed radically from the earlier one. The structure of the Holy Communion service was changed, many ceremonies were eliminated, and the vestments worn by the clergy were simplified. Eight months after its appearance, Mary I began her reign by suppressed it and reintroducing Latin as the language to be used in services in the Church of England.

Five years later, after Elizabeth I ascended the throne, the Book of Common Prayer was amended, and the prayer book, which in the new version tended toward Roman Catholicism, was restored to use; further amendments in a Roman Catholic direction were made in 1604, during the reign of James I. During the Commonwealth the Book of Common Prayer was suppressed, but in 1662, following the restoration of the monarchy, its use was again made compulsory. Because the amendments made in the 1662 version were also in a Roman Catholic direction, many Puritans defected from the established church. Only minor amendments were made in the Book of Common Prayer after 1662 in England. The formation of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the U.S. in 1783 necessitated a revised prayer book for American use. It was ratified in 1789; further revisions were made in 1892, 1928, and 1979. It is basically the same book used by other members of the Anglican communion.


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Sat, Aug 14th - 7:27AM

Anglican & Episcopal Education WebRing

Doctrine, statements of faith, organization, activities, collegiate student groups, history and current news of the Anglican and Episcopal churches of the Anglican Communion.

Member Sites

Anglican & Episcopal News. The latest headlines with summary information from the Anglican Communion News Service, Episcopal Life Online and the Anglican Church of Canada.

Bishop Charles Inglis. First Colonial Bishop of the Church of England. Dr. Inglis, who had been Rector of Trinity Church, New York, during the progress of the Revolutionary War, was consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia in 1787.

Nicene Creed. 1979 Book of Common Prayer version from the Episcopal Church.

History of the Episcopal Church. Brief list of events in the Episcopal Church from it becoming the official church of Virginia in 1607 to the election of the first woman national leader of a church in the Anglican Communion in 2006.

St. Matthew's Episcopal Chaplaincy. Located on the campus of Lamar University, St. Matthew's serves students on campus and people in the surrounding communities.

The University of California, Santa Barbara. The website for Episcopal Campus Ministry at the Santa Barbara campus of the University of California.


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